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Derecho Corporativo

Our firm is proud of its busy litigation practice under the management of Ron Ozery, one of Israel’s leading litigators. The focus of the firm is on commercial cross-border litigation, where we usually represent foreign clients against an Israeli counterpart. Therefore, we are well acquainted with the particularities and difficulties of a foreign client facing a domestic adversary in Israeli courts.

Not only do we usually write and speak your domestic language, but we are also well aware of the implications and costs of legal proceedings exceeding the borders of your home jurisdiction. Therefore, in the first phase of preparation, an emphasis is put on a realistic assessment of exposure and costs. Before entering legal proceedings, you will be well prepared with all the necessary information to facilitate your decisions and to prepare the necessary evidence to fight your case.

Bufete Internacional

El derecho corporativo es el pilar fundacional del despacho por lo somos especialistas en asistir a nuestros clientes en sus proyectos empresariales en Europa e Israel. Aunque en esta página nos enfocaremos en Israel, pueden encontrar mas información sobre otras jurisprudencias en el blog o solicitándola aquí

 

Hacer negocios en Israel: aspectos específicos para su empresa

 

Si desea comenzar a hacer negocios con su empresa en Israel, ya sea para una startup, un proyecto de construcción temporal o para abrir una sucursal, la ley israelí le brinda varias opciones.

 

Creación de una empresa israelí

Dado que no se requiere un capital mínimo para establecer una sociedad accionarial israelí, es relativamente sencillo de configurar. Incluso si todos los accionistas, la junta directiva y la administración están ubicados en el extranjero, apenas hay trabajo adicional involucrado en la creación de una empresa en Israel.

 

En una primera junta general, los accionistas deben acordar la creación de la empresa, un acuerdo de asociación y el consejo de administración. Luego, el acta se envía al registro mercantil y tan pronto como se realiza la entrada en el registro, la sociedad se activa.

Establecer una subsidiaria israelí también ha demostrado ser una opción sencilla y económica, especialmente para actividades a largo plazo en Israel. Sin embargo, hay algunas cosas a considerar desde el punto de vista fiscal, especialmente determinando los servicios entre la subsidiaria israelí y la empresa matriz y sus costes.

 

Detalles Fiscales

Una característica especial de la ley israelí es el instituto de la empresa extranjera que opera en Israel. Por ejemplo, puede registrar su empresa alemana como esta misma empresa alemana en el registro comercial israelí sin crear una nueva personalidad jurídica israelí.

Tanto una "empresa extranjera" (si hace negocios a largo plazo en Israel) como su subsidiaria israelí tienen que abrir un archivo de impuestos en Israel.

Si su empresa está registrada como una "empresa extranjera" en Israel y tiene una forma de empresa alemana para la que no hay contraparte en Israel, esto se asocia con un gran esfuerzo y costos en términos de impuestos en Israel: en este caso, la hacienda israelí considera que la empresa, por ejemplo, una GmbH & Co KG, es transparente y, por lo tanto, cada accionista declara y está sujeto a impuestos en Israel. La hacienda israelí luego insiste en que se abra un archivo de impuestos para cada socio. En el caso de una empresa conjunta en forma de sociedad limitada, cada socio tiene que abrir su propio archivo fiscal además de la empresa conjunta.

 

Resumen


La ley de sociedades israelí contiene menos formas societarias que la alemana por ejemplo y también menos regulaciones con respecto a las empresas, ya sea su establecimiento, capital u órganos.


En este sentido, esto permite a las empresas extranjeras comenzar a hacer negocios en Israel con relativa facilidad. Sin embargo, dado que no existe una contraparte israelí para cada tipo de empresa extranjera, esto puede generar situaciones y problemas fiscales complicados. 

 

Nuestros abogados son expertos en el derecho tributario y corporativo israelí y pueden ayudar en la planificación corporativa y tributaria óptima de sus actividades comerciales en Israel.

 

2. Real Estate Disputes

 

Our firm represents foreign clients in Israeli real estate disputes. The tax implications of real estate transactions can be significant, especially if the client is domiciled abroad. Our firm's tax department has extensive knowledge of various tax jurisdictions, including those in Europe. As a result, we are able to address any relevant questions from the outset. This ensures that our clients are well aware of all the implications of their actions in Israel and in their home country.

3. Inheritance Disputes

 

Reasonable estate planning can typically prevent inheritance disputes. However, when it is too late for that, inheritance litigation is one of the most personal and most fiercely litigated matters. Foreign clients are often hesitant to fight for their inheritance rights in Israel due to the high costs and complexity involved. Moreover, many clients underestimate the value of their Israeli assets.

To help clients make an informed decision, we conduct a thorough pre-evaluation that includes providing an approximate value for their Israeli assets, particularly real estate. This enables clients to accurately assess the advantages and disadvantages of pursuing their inheritance rights in Israel.

4. Labor Disputes

 

During the 20 years of working for foreign commercial clients and representing them while performing projects in Israel, our firm has accumulated substantial know-how in the representation of branches and subsidiaries of foreign companies in Israeli labor law disputes. The field of labor law is crucial, as claims made by Israeli or foreign employees can significantly reduce or even eliminate a project's profit.

Due to our affiliation with the accountancy firm Auren Israel, we will be able to correctly read and interpret the salary accounting of your company and use it correctly in your favor.

5. Legal Opinions in Court

 

Our lawyers hold law degrees in multiple jurisdictions, which enables us to provide expert evidence on Israeli law in foreign courts, and on German, Austrian, Swiss, and Liechtenstein law in Israeli courts, for Israeli banks as well as real estate and tax authorities. Notably, our expertise in German and Liechtenstein law has been highly regarded by Israeli courts. To the best of our knowledge, we are the only law firm in Israel capable of providing legal opinions on Liechtenstein law.

6. Debt Collection and Insolvency in Israel

Debt collection in Israel can be a significant obstacle for foreign clients. However, a warning letter from an Israeli lawyer and short negotiations with the Israeli debtor can often provide an immediate and cost-effective solution. Debt collection services in Israel are typically relevant for debts of at least €5,000 or more, as amounts below this level are usually not cost-effective to pursue.

If necessary, we can pursue the debtor through legal or debt collection proceedings. If a warning letter does not result in payment, we can also represent our foreign clients in the insolvency proceedings of the Israeli debtor.

Israeli debtors tend to rely on the geographical distance between them in Israel and their creditor abroad. Therefore, a “last reminder” letter from an Israeli attorney is often enough to trigger payment even or in particular for relatively small debts.

Commercial Litigation
Inheritance Disputes
Real Estate Disputes
Labor Disputes
Legal Opinions in Court
Debt Collection and Insolvency in Israel
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